This article describes how to use L3 (Inter-VLAN) Routing on a UniFi Switch alongside a third-party gateway. All device-specific assistance should be directed to the third-party manufacturer.
Requirements & Notes
- For the best experience, we recommend to use a UniFi Gateway instead of a third-party gateway.
- When using a third-party router, it needs to support VLAN tagging and manual configuration of static routes.
- If either of the above features are not supported on the third-party router, then it cannot be used with L3 UniFi switches.
Using a Third-Party Gateway Router
Once the network with a UniFi switch set as the Router is created, an additional network is created automatically with the Inter-VLAN routing name. This network is used to route the traffic between the (UniFi or third-party) gateway and the L3 UniFi switch.
- The Inter-VLAN routing network is assigned the 10.255.253.0/24 IP range and uses VLAN4040.
- The first L3 UniFi switch set as a Router will use the 10.255.253.2 IP address.
- Additional L3 UniFi switches will use the 10.255.253.3 IP address and so on.
- The L3 UniFi switch uses 10.255.253.1 as the default gateway to the internet (default route).
Note: It is not possible to modify the UniFi switch network range (10.255.253.0/24) or use a different VLAN than 4040. The third-party router needs to match the UniFi configuration.
The following needs to be added to the third-party gateway router to match the UniFi configuration:
- Configure a VLAN Virtual Interface (VIF) on the third-party router and tag VLAN4040 on an interface that connects to the UniFi switch. This will be the uplink port of the switch.
- Ensure that the UniFi switch tags VLAN4040 on the uplink port to the third-party gateway using either the All switch port profile or a custom profile.
- Assign the 10.255.253.1/24 IP address to the interface of the third-party router.
- Create a static route on the third-party router that matches the Subnet of the network configured in UniFi (for example 192.168.2.0/24) and set 10.255.253.2 as the next-hop.
- If more than one network is configured in UniFi, add additional static routes.
Note: If additional L3 UniFi switches are used, the next-hop needs to be modified, for example 10.255.253.3.