In this article we will provide the necessary steps to recover the UFiber OLT models. This process will completely restore the device to the factory default settings and erases all custom configuration.
Table of Contents
- Console and Management Port Settings
- Connecting to Serial Console
- Setting up a TFTP Server
- Starting the Recovery Process
- Related Articles
Console and Management Port Settings
In rare cases when an OLT becomes unresponsive, these instructions may be suggested by our support team to recover the OLT back to its default state. This is typically not the first step in troubleshooting issues, but rather a last resort recovery method.
The default serial port settings are listed below:
Connecting to Serial Console
A USB-to-Serial adapter will be used to connect to the console port of the UFiber OLT.
- RJ45 to DB9 serial console cable (rollover cable)
- USB to DB9 adapter
- Terminal emulation program, such as PuTTY or the macOS/Linux terminal
1. Open the terminal emulator and specify the serial COM line and the baud rate/speed.
Enter the following information in the PuTTY window.
Open Terminal Application and find the serial interface ID.
ls -ltr /dev/*usb*
The serial interface will display as
tty. Example output below:
ls -ltr /dev/*usb*
crw-rw-rw- 1 root wheel 21, 3 Feb 8 15:48 /dev/cu.usbserial-AI038TPF
crw-rw-rw- 1 root wheel 21, 2 Feb 9 08:56 /dev/tty.usbserial-AI038TPF
Use the screen command to connect to console by pasting in the path to the serial interface.
screen /dev/tty.usbserial-AI038TPF 57600
/dev/tty.usbserial-AI038TPFwith the value given when using the
ls -ltr /dev/*usb*command.
2. Connect to the OLT management port with a separate Ethernet cable.
3. Assign a static IP address to your computer's network interface, for example 192.168.1.10/24.
4. Leave the console window opened and both cables plugged in while continuing on to the next section.
Setting up a TFTP Server
The next step is to set up a TFTP server on the workstation to allow the recovery image to be uploaded to the OLT.
1. Download the latest OLT recovery file from the UFiber Downloads page.
2. Install a TFTP server.
In this example we are using Tftpd32 as the TFTP server.
Open a new terminal window to load and start the TFTP service.
sudo launchctl load -F /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/tftp.plist
sudo launchctl start com.apple.tftpd
Change the file permissions for the TFTP folder.
sudo chmod 777 /private/tftpboot
sudo chmod 777 /private/tftpboot/*
Place the OLT recovery file in the base TFTP directory.
Starting the Recovery Process
1. Connect the power cable to the OLT and boot up the device.
2. Hold down the
1 (number one) key as the OLT starts up to interrupt the boot process.
3. When holding the
1 key, the bootloader will be interrupted and bring you to a prompt similar to the one below.
Please choose the operation:
1: Load system code to SDRAM via TFTP.
2: Load system code then write to Flash via TFTP.
3: Boot system code via Flash (default).
4: Entr boot command line interface.
7: Load Boot Loader code then write to Flash via Serial.
9: Load Boot Loader code then write to Flash via TFTP.
4. Select option 1 and enter the required IP address and filename recovery information.
Device IPThis is the IP address that the OLT should use for the TFTP session.
Server IPThis is the IP address of the TFTP server (computer).
Linux Kernel FilenameExact name of the OLT recovery image in the base TFTP directory.
An example output is:
1: System Load Linux to SDRAM via TFTP.
Please Input new ones /or Ctrl-C to discard
Input device IP (172.16.3.211) ==:192.168.1.20
Input server IP (172.16.3.210) ==:192.168.1.10
Input Linux Kernel filename (vme600) ==:OLT.recovery.v22.214.171.12448.191120.1333.16de5fdde.img
After completing the steps above, the
# symbol will be shown many times as the file is uploaded to the device. This is the expected behavior.
5. A successful recovery will allow management access via the web UI or CLI using the DHCP assigned IP address or the fallback address (192.168.1.20) on the management port.