This article describes additional features of the UNMS installation process. It includes instructions on how to change ports in order to have access through the GUI; how to set ports for communication with devices; how to work behind a proxy, and other initial configurations. See the table of contents below for a list.
NOTES & REQUIREMENTS:
Table of Contents
- Installing Prerequisites
- Managing the SSL Certificate for Access Via HTTPS
- Changing the HTTP and HTTPS Ports
- Changing the Device Inform Port
- Changing the Suspension Port
- Running UNMS Behind a Reverse Proxy
- Changing the UNMS Container's IP Address
- Changing NetFlow Listening Port
- Setting the Number of Workers
- Limit access to GUI/API
- UNMS Data
- Devices Latency and Outage Statistics
- Related Articles
Run the following commands on the Ubuntu or Debian system to ensure that all required tools are installed:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install curl sudo bash
Managing the SSL Certificate for Access Via HTTPS
ATTENTION: If you want UNMS to use default LetsEncrypt certificate please do not use any of these attributes.
By default, UNMS uses Let's Encrypt to automatically create and manage an SSL certificate for its domain name. The certificate is saved under
If you need to use your own certificate you can use the following installation script arguments to do it:
--ssl-cert-dir <DIRECTORY> : This is a path to a directory where the certificate is located.
--ssl-cert <FILENAME> : This is a filename of the certificate.
--ssl-cert-key <FILENAME> : This is a filename of the certificate key.
Some older certificates have a separate certification authority key. Use this optional attribute to set it:
--ssl-cert-ca <FILENAME> : This is a filename of a certification authority's key.
Make sure that UNMS has read-permission on the certificate directory and all files. Remember that you can have each file in a custom folder as long as those folders are subfolders of
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --http-port 8080 --https-port 8443 --ssl-cert-dir /etc/certificates --ssl-cert fullchain.pem --ssl-cert-key privkey.pem
Changing the HTTP and HTTPS Ports
ATTENTION: Please be aware that UNMS must be accessible from the internet via HTTP port 80 if you want to use automatic SSL certificate management via Let's Encrypt.
Use installation script arguments
to configure the UNMS server to listen on non-standard ports. Defaults are 80 (HTTP) and 443 (HTTPS).
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --http-port 8080 --https-port 8443
Changing the Device Inform Port
User Tip: The Inform port is the port that your devices use to connect to UNMS.
Please be aware that UNMS must be accessible from the internet via HTTP port 80 if you want to use automatic SSL certificate management via Let's Encrypt. Using a separate inform port is useful when you need to expose the port outside your private network, but don't want to expose the UNMS GUI. Use installation script argument
to configure the UNMS WebSocket server to use a separate port for communication with your devices.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --ws-port 8444
Changing the Suspension Port
The suspension page is by default set to port 81. That port can be changed with this optional tag:
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --suspend-port 8081
Running UNMS Behind a Reverse Proxy
Use installation script arguments
--public-ws-port <NUMBER> if you plan to run UNMS behind a reverse proxy server. The setting
--public-https-port is only necessary if the proxy listens for HTTPS on a different port than UNMS. The setting
--public-ws-port is only necessary when you use
(as mentioned in the section above) to separate the inform port form the HTTPS port.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --public-https-port 443 --http-port 8080 --https-port 8443
Please be aware that this puts the responsibility of managing an SSL certificate on the reverse proxy and disables the automatic certificate management via Let's Encrypt. The reverse proxy must still use HTTPS for communication with UNMS, optionally with a custom SSL certificate. HTTP-only communication between UNMS and the reverse proxy is not supported. The UNMS - Reverse Proxy article shows working reverse proxy configurations for Nginx and Apache.
Changing the UNMS Container's IP Address
User Tip: If you are using the private address range 172.x.x.x. in your network, you may prefer to change the default address of UNMS docker containers in order to avoid any possible collision.
Use the installation script argument
to change the UNMS container's subnet if you experience IP address conflicts. It should be enough to specify /27 subnet, which is then split in half. One half is used by the Docker for internal and the second one for external connections.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --subnet 220.127.116.11/24
You may also wish to change the IP address of the docker0 bridge created by Docker. See the docker user guide for more information. Please note that this may affect containers other than UNMS running on your system.
Changing NetFlow Listening Port (0.13.0+)
In order to change the listening port for NetFlow use
--netflow-port PORT custom installation attribute.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --netflow-port 2205
Setting the Number of Workers (0.13.0+)
ATTENTION: Please do not set more workers than there are cores in your CPU. Make sure you have at least 0,5Gb memory for each worker as well.
NOTE: Since 1.2.1+ it is possible to manually set up to 50 workers. This option is only suggested for UNMS instances with several thousands of devices, CPU with more than 8 cores, and suffering from performance issues. Always make sure to follow the instructions from the ATTENTION box above.
Since release 0.13.0 UNMS supports multi-core processors. It is possible to set how many parallel processes should be used to communicate with devices with the install argument
--workers COUNT. The value of COUNT can be either a number from 1 to 50 or
auto tag means that UNMS will decide how many workers to use depending on the number of CPU cores and available memory. Please note that the
auto value will not set up more than 8 cores.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --workers auto
Limit access to GUI/API (0.14.0+)
NOTE: This only limits the access to GUI/API. All devices can still connect to UNMS server from any IP address, and this whitelist doesn't affect that connection at all.
You can create a whitelist of IP addresses which are allowed to access UNMS GUI and API. When this tag is used UNMS GUI will be inaccessible from any address which is not defined in the whitelist.
curl -fsSL https://unms.com/v1/install > /tmp/unms_inst.sh && sudo bash /tmp/unms_inst.sh --ip-whitelist "18.104.22.168,ff::ff/25"
NOTE: For a detailed tutorial on DigitalOcean see: UNMS - Cloud Installation Guide.
- AWS, EC2 instance, t2.small (2 GB RAM), Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS (Xenial Xerus)
- DigitalOcean, basic droplet (2 GB RAM), Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS (Xenial Xerus)
By default, the installation script ensures that the application settings and data (logs, site images, encryption key, etc.) are stored outside of the docker container (
). This will enable you to back up that data, and more importantly, this will enable you to perform any future UNMS upgrades without any data loss.
Devices Latency and Outage Statistics
By default, all devices connected to UNMS will ping the UNMS host to check for latency if any devices are being reported as offline. This results in outage statistics being generated. Ping must be allowed to the UNMS Host for this feature to work properly.